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CONFÉRENCIER DE LA CONFÉRENCE PUBLIQUE HERZBERG
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
“Quanta of the Third Kind: Anyons”
For many years physicists divided the world of quantum particles into two kingdoms – bosons and fermions. Anyons are particles with a sort of memory, that fall outside those kingdoms. In recent decades theorists have produced an enormous literature about the possible occurrence and properties of anyons. It is only in the last few months, however, that clear experimental confirmation has appeared. I will review the theoretical background and describe the breakthrough experiments. Anyons will be central in a new and promising method of information processing: topological quantum computing.
CONFÉRENCIERS PLÈNIERS :
Avery E. Broderick
University of Waterloo
University of California, Berkeley
» Exploiter la rupture de la symétrie locale pour créer de nouveaux matériaux «
The 20th century has been dominated by the realization that symmetry and symmetry breaking influence the forces that govern our universe and are keys to much of the novel phenomena observed in materials today. Recently it has been realized that, even if the global symmetry of a system is retained, a local symmetry breaking can still drive a variety of novel fascinating behaviors. In this talk I will present the effect that local breaking of inversion, translational and rotational symmetry can have in defining fundamental properties of matter from topological phases to superconductivity and how it can be used as a tuning parameter to control novel properties in van der Waals heterostructures.
University of New Hampshire
University of Toronto
“ Cancer et lumière : comment les sciences et l’ingénierie optiques influencent la recherche
sur le cancer et les soins aux patients «
The multiple interactions of light with biomolecules, cells and tissues enable established and emerging techniques and technologies used in cancer research and patient care. These approaches range from simple, point-of-care devices to complex, multifunctional platforms combined with complementary non-optical methods, including nanotechnologies, robotics, bioinformatics and machine learning. This seminar will use specific examples from current research to illustrate the biophysical and biological principles underlying the emerging fields of “onco-photonics” or “photo-oncology”.